Paviland Cave, Red Lady Cave, Goat's Hole, Goat Hole, CSGCAA.ML31a

NGR: SS 43733 85892
16 m.asl

Swansea , Gower
map using leaflet map:
Access From Pilton Green on the Swansea-Rhossili road, follow the public footpath over the fields and down a steep ravine divided by a stone wall. If the water is low, climb down to the shore. From the shore, the end of the gully can be crossed and a climb of 10 metres leads to the cave. If the tide is high, then follow a narrow path round the base of the cliff Westwards. Access to the cave is dangerous at high water.
Description The cave is of great archaeological importance and is about 5 metres high and extends for 20 metres. On the right is a chimney leading to a second opening. It was inhabited by early man and finds include a human skeleton.
History First recorded exploration in 1822; engraved graffiti [GGF JGJ 1835] probably from a visit in 1835 by George Grant Francis and John Gwyn Jeffreys 'for the Swansea Philosophical and Literary Institution'.
NPRN: 300251 SAM: GM504 SSSI: 0809 Gower Coast: Rhossili to Porteynon (Mixed/M)

Exploring by drone


Brendan Marris
Reliquiae Diluvianae, Buckland, W., pp.82-83, 1822-23. Archaeology
The Cambrian, 6th June, 1835, Swansea Philosophical and Literary Institution
Rep. Brit. Assoc. 12, 54-74 (1842). Fossil Mammals
QJGS 16, 489-491, 1860. Excavation of bones
QJGS 16, 192-217, 1869. Dist. of Post Glacial Mammals
Cave Hunting (Macmillan), Dawkins,W.B. 1874
Swansea Sci. Soc. Ann. Rep. And Trans. 17-20, 1892-95
Journal Royal Anthropol. Inst. 43, 325-374, 1913. Arch.
Rep. Royal Institution of South Wales. 14-15, 1919-20. Prehistoric mammals
Asc Swansea Sci. Field and Nat. Soc. 2, 221-246, 1941. Location, description and archaeology
Gower Caves (Welsh Guides), Allen and Rutter, , 1948
Rix, Michael, Gower Vol.2, pp.34-36The "Red Lady" of Paviland
British Caver 17, 36-43
Cullingford,C.H.D. (1951), Exploring Caves, pp.50-51
CRG. Biol. Supp. 7, 1961. Biol. Finds
British Caving (Routledge, Kegan Paul) Cullingford,C.H.D., 2nd Ed. 1962
Caves in Wales and the Marches (Dalesman), Jenkins, D.W. & Williams, A.M., 1963. Location description and brief details.
The Caves of Gower (Gower Society),Grenfell,H and Morris, B, 1971, p.10-11
BCRA Transactions 3(2), pp.112-116, 1976, Theya Molleson, Remains of Pleistocene man in Paviland and Pontnewydd Caves, Wales
Caves of South Wales, Stratford, T., 1995
Davies, M, 1993, Caves of the South Gower Coast: an archaeological assessment
Stephen Aldhouse-Green and Paul Pettitt, Paviland Cave: contextualising the Red Lady, Antiquity 72(278),pp.756-772 (1998)
Stephen Aldhouse-Green, Paviland Cave and the Red Lady - a definitive report, RCAHMW (2000)
NT heritage record
Brendan Marris Caves of the South Gower Coast
Gazetteer of Human Remains in Caves
BGS Archives: BCRA/201W/B/19, 1868
Cambrian Cave Registry entry 1093
© Cambrian Caving Council ⓗ