Cathole , Upper Cat Hole Cave NGR: SS 53757 90020 51 m.asl
Owned by Forestry Commission. From Parkmill, follow the road to Parc-le-Breos and after half a mile, turn up Green Cwm to Parc-le-Breos megalithic tomb. The cave is 65 metres further up the valley on the right in a crag hidden by trees.
The entrance is 4 metres wide and 6 metres high, It leads to a chamber some 33 metres long with another smaller chamber at the end.
Excavated by E.R.Wood 1860's; 1968; Nash/NMW 2010
The only Palaeolithic engravings (12,500-14,500 years BP) in Wales
SSSI: 0781 Coedydd Parkmill a Cwm Llethrid (Mixed)
Cave Hunting (Macmillan), Dawkins,W.B. 1874
Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1887, p.200, Vivian, H.H., in letter on Parc Cwm Tumulus
Proc.Swansea Science and Field Naturalist Society 2, 263-290. 1944. Location, description and archaeology.
Gower Caves (Welsh Guides), Allen and Rutter, 1948
British Caver 20, 61-68, 1950
Cullingford,C.H.D. (1951), Exploring Caves, pp.55
British Caving (Routledge, Kegan Paul) Cullingford,C.H.D., 2nd Ed. 1962
Caves in Wales and the Marches (Dalesman), Jenkins, D.W. & Williams, A.M., 1963. Location description and brief details.
Royal Institution of South Wales Rep. 14-15, 1919-20. Archaeological finds
The Caves of Gower (Gower Society),Grenfell,H and Morris, B, 1971, p.7
Proc.UBSS, G.H.Nash et al., 25 (3), 327-336, 2012, A discovery of possible Upper Palaeolithic parietal art in Cathole Cave, Gower Peninsula, South Wales
Descent 223 p.37, Mike Simms, Found and Lost [:] Britain's oldest rock art
Proc.UBSS, 2013, 26(1), Beardsley,A., and Nash,G.H. The survey of Cathole Cave, Gower Peninsula, South Wales. pp 73-83
Proc.UBSS, 2014. 26(2), Case,David., Ingrem,Claire., Jones,Jennifer R., Mourne,Richard, and Walker,Elizabeth A., pp 131-169, Excavations at Cathole Cave, Gower, Swansea
Proc.UBSS, 2015, 27(1) Assessing the geochemistry of possible inorganic applied pigments within Cathole Cave, Gower Peninsula, South Wales
Proc.UBSS, 2020, 28(2) Schulting,R.J, Prehistoric human remains (mainly) from the caves of Wales, pp. 188,190,208-209
Gazetteer of Human Remains in Caves
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Cambrian Cave Registry entry 1118
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